Pediatric neurology is a medical discipline that aims to confront and, as effectively as possible, treat the unique neurological problems associated with children. Pediatric neurologists focus on the neurological needs of children under eighteen years of age. Typically, a regular neurologist will take over at that point. A wide variety of neurological disorders, such as epilepsy and neurological diseases, can be present in unique forms in children. It is the job of a pediatric neurologist to be familiar with these forms and to work to treat them.
There are different kinds of specialists involved in the field of pediatric neurology. Pediatric neurologists are physicians who work to diagnose and treat neurological problems in children to the best of their abilities.
Pediatric neurosurgeons specialize in performing often complex surgeries concerning the nervous systems of children. Sometimes, issues concerning pediatric neurology overlap with other fields as well. While mild sleep disorders, for example, can usually be treated by general pediatricians, sometimes pediatric neurologists are necessary to diagnose and solve such problems. The field of pediatric neurology covers a broad array of areas within a child's body. Pediatric neurologists are primarily interested in disorders of the central, autonomous, and peripheral nervous systems. However, they are often also called upon to examine the blood vessels, nerve coverings, and effector tissues such as muscles that are closely related to the nervous system.
There are several neurological disorders that are common in children and, consequently, fall into the field of pediatric neurology. Epilepsy is a seizure-causing disorder that is most common in children and in people over the age of 65. Generally, most of the symptoms of epilepsy can be controlled but not cured. Some of the symptoms of epilepsy, however, change over time. It is the role of a pediatric neurologist to confront the symptoms of epilepsy that are unique to children.